Teeth whitening is a procedure to bleach teeth to make them lighter in color. This procedure might not make the teeth bright white but can make the existing shade lighter.
It is a popular cosmetic dentistry treatment that provides fast and affordable smile enhancement. It is a universally accepted procedure by both men and women, and the treatments are designed to adhere to any budget, time, age, gender, and requirement.
The teeth whitening procedure best suits people with yellow and healthy teeth (without filling) and gums.
Almost everyone opting for teeth whitening shall see some improvement in the whiteness and brightness of the teeth. However, it is not a permanent solution and might require maintenance.
Generally, tooth whitening products use bleaching agents which contain peroxides, the content of which might vary. The teeth whitening kits used at dental clinics contain 15%-43% peroxide.
There are two types of teeth whitening systems commonly used in dental clinics:
Hydrogen/ carbamide peroxide gel of higher concentration is applied to the teeth with the help of a syringe. The gums are guarded with the help of a rubber cover so as to avoid damage to the gums.
High-concentration hydrogen/ carbamide peroxide gel in combination with a high-intensity light source like LED, halogen, or UV. the combined effect of both techniques gives better results as compared to the use of hydrogen/ carbamide peroxide alone or any home whitening systems.
It is a common belief that the longer the teeth are kept in a stronger solution, the whiter the teeth might become. On the contrary, the higher the percentage of peroxide in a whitening solution, the shorter the time period of teeth exposure. Exposing the teeth for a longer time to a stronger solution may dehydrate the teeth and result in tooth sensitivity.
Most teeth whitening procedures are considered to be safe when they are conducted under professional guidance, or the instructions are followed properly. However, like other procedures, this procedure is also not risk-free. Certain risks might be involved with teeth whitening.
Sensitivity: Teeth whitening can cause an increased sensation of sensitivity to temperature, pressure, and touch. This is more common during the whitening procedure at a dentist because of the use of higher concentration of peroxide solution being used. Some individuals might experience spontaneous shooting pain down the middle of the front teeth.
Teeth sensitivity issues during whitening are more common in people with gum recession, leakage from previous faulty restorations, and teeth cracks. Usually, whitening sensitivity lasts for a day or two, but in some people, it may persist for up to a month. Toothpaste with potassium nitrate might be beneficial for individuals with sensitive teeth.
Irritation in the gums: Approximately 50% of the individuals undergoing peroxide whitening might experience gingival irritation. This irritation results from concentrated bleaches or trays. The irritation might last several days and usually subsides after the treatment stops.
Technicolor teeth: This results because various restorative procedures such as bonding, dental crowns, etc., remain unaffected by the bleach, maintaining their original color while the surrounding teeth’ color might change.
Does teeth whitening really works:
Teeth change color as an individual ages. The inner part of the tooth (dentin) becomes yellow, and the outer protective layer (enamel) thins out due to constant brushing. In addition, certain lifestyle habits like drinking coffee or red wine, smoking, and medications like tetracycline can further damage the color of the teeth.
Teeth whitening either helps remove the stains on the surface of the enamel or helps change the color of the enamel.
Teeth whitening products will not help in removing stains caused due to non-brushing of teeth regularly. If the teeth are not properly taken care of, none of the whitening treatments will give satisfactory results.
The teeth must be healthy for the most satisfying results from whitening procedures.
Teeth whitening procedures work only on the natural enamel. The whitening results might vary in the presence of veneers, crowns, and bonding over the teeth. In the case of natural teeth, whitening results are very satisfying.
Getting the whitening procedures done by a dentist in a clinic will give better results in a shorter time. Most teeth whitening techniques give good results. However, many patients do not stick to the maintenance guidelines or use whitening too often. Using whitening treatments too often can damage the enamel and expose the dentin, making the teeth appear yellow.
However, the results of whitening are not permanent. For some people, it might last for a few months, and for others, it might last for a few weeks. Since it’s an esthetic treatment, the results are very subjective. For some individuals, the results might be instant and very satisfying; for some, the same might not be true.
Before starting any teeth whitening program, it’s important to consult the dentist about the results, discuss the time taken to achieve those results, and the time period for which the results would last.
Is teeth whitening safe:
Teeth whitening is the safest cosmetic procedure. If conducted and maintained properly on the advice of a dentist, it can produce highly satisfying results.
To maintain the results of any whitening procedure, one must adhere to the instructions given after the treatment.
Following are the various conditions in which teeth whitening might not be considered safe:
The whitening procedure is usually meant for natural teeth. In the case of implants, dentures, crowns, or bridges, one should consult their dentist about the safety and efficacy of the treatment.
Teeth whitening procedures might also not be safe if conducted in the presence of dental caries/ cavities or any other dental treatment. Under these conditions, the whitening chemical might deposit in the cavities and cause excruciating pain, thus reducing the efficacy of the treatment.
Age and physiological condition: teeth whitening procedures are not recommended for children under the age of 16 years. The reason behind this is the enlarged nerve of the tooth. Whitening procedures can irritate the nerve causing sensitivity.
Teeth whitening procedures are also not recommended in certain physiological conditions like pregnancy and lactation.
Any individual with gum disease, receding/ bleeding gums, exposed tooth roots, poor previous restorative dental procedures, and allergies to peroxide should consult the dentist before undergoing teeth whitening procedures.
Any liquid/ edible that can change the teeth’ color should be avoided for at least 15 days after the treatment as the teeth might easily absorb new pigments, and the results might deteriorate.
Teeth whitening is a simple and safe aesthetic procedure. Caution must be exercised when deciding about the condition of teeth and choosing the whitening products. Smile Xpertz is the best dental clinic offering state-of-the-art services in Gurgaon. With the latest infrastructure in dental care, they provide the best treatment for implants, root canal therapy, and teeth whitening procedures. The presence of qualified and trained dentists in their clinics is the reason for the high customer satisfaction rate.
SmileXperz have a team of best dentist and also known as best dental clinic in Gurgaon,Delhi NCR. Our dental clinics are equipped with high-tech and advanced dental equipment to provide high-quality pain-free dental services.